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Pelikan Milano - Primapenna

In the 1970s, a new school fountain pen was introduced by Pelikan Milan, which has not been produced by Pelikan itself in its first variant. To this end, rather the writing instrument manufacturer Merz & Krell in Groß-Bieberau was commissioned, conducted the replicas of the 120 and 400NN for Pelikan about the same period.
This first Primapenna were the prelude to a number of other models in the following years until the present day. All other models were later produced by Pelikan Milan itself.
I am aware of five different models of Primapenna. In all of the first three variants the barrel, grip section and cap were always made of a same color of plastic, all of them had a metal ring on the cap opening and a metal clip. The peculiarity of all these Primapenna was the triangular hole in the nib, which is not found in any other Pelikan fountain pens like that. From the fourth variant then changed these commonalities.
A secured precise dating when which model was for sale is not possible.

An unusual fountain pen with the clip embossed with Primapenna was manufactured by Laurin. It is not known whether this is a regular sales model or a prototype. The pen can be found in the menu under Laurin.

Pelikan Primapenna 1970s

The first Primapenna were manufactured by Merz & Krell on behalf of Pelikan Milan. At this model variant, two different packages are known to me and the fountain pens has a tiny difference, too.
The first package shows a feature that was otherwise not so common at Pelikan. The fountain pen was equipped with two cartridges. Thus, the writing cartridge is not activated immediately and can dry out, a locking ring between the barrel and grip section was screwed. This must first be removed, according to package instructions, before the fountain pen can be taken into use (see picture). This method is well known to me from other manufacturers. But Pelikan used usually a different method: the writing cartridge has been replaced with a dummy (without ink cartridge, and without the rear cover of the cartridge). Only the replacement cartridge is filled with ink. Further, in this package was an instruction manual for the 'Pelikano'. The fountain pen itself shows the transition from the grip section to the barrel, which is to enter the closed cap the maintenance, a slightly roughened surface.
The other fountain pen packaging don't show this statement to remove a retaining ring (see picture). The fountain pen surface to grip the cap has slight ridges (see picture).
Probably there are more color options than listed.

Model Production Period Nib
Primapenna 1970s 1970s

Steel

Weight Total Length Barrel Length Cap Length Diameter Ink Capacity
0.32 oz 5.20 in 4.29 in 2.48 in 0.43 in 2 x 0.8 ml (cartridge)
9.0 g 132 mm 109 mm 63 mm 11 mm


Orange Exportmodel Color
Production: 1970sNib: Steel
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: orangeCap Color: orangeTrim: silver-colored
Black Exportmodel Color
Production: 1970sNib: Steel
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: blackCap Color: blackTrim: silver-colored
Green Exportmodel Color
Production: 1970sNib: Steel
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: greenCap Color: greenTrim: silver-colored
Blue Exportmodel Color
Production: 1970sNib: Steel
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: blueCap Color: blueTrim: silver-colored

Pelikan Primapenna 1980s

The first change of the serie Primapenna can be ssen specially on the clip, the clip is plugged in at the top of the cap.

Model Production Period Nib
Primapenna 1980s 1980s

Steel

Weight Total Length Barrel Length Cap Length Diameter Ink Capacity
0.32 oz 5.20 in 4.29 in 2.48 in 0.43 in 2 x 0.8 ml (cartridge)
9.0 g 132 mm 109 mm 63 mm 11 mm


Blue Exportmodel Color
Production: 1980sNib: Steel
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: blueCap Color: blueTrim: silver-colored
Green Exportmodel Color
Production: 1980sNib: Steel
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: greenCap Color: greenTrim: silver-colored
Black Exportmodel Color
Production: 1980sNib: Steel
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: blackCap Color: blackTrim: silver-colored

Pelikan Primapenna 1990s

On Primapenna of this generation further design changes have been introduced. The barrel is unchanged, the grip section is completely new designed. The gold-plated nib is hidden until the triangle hole, the grip section is without profiling. Between grip section and barrel, is a metal ring to secure the cap. The ring on the cap opening is wider and tapered. It bears the imprint 'Pelikan Günter Wagner'. The bar clip running along narrow and still bears the imprint 'Primapenna'. The end cap of the same color plastic carrying the Pelikan logo.
There will be more color options than listed here.   

Model Production Period Nib
Primapenna 1990s 1990s

Steel, gold plated

Weight Total Length Barrel Length Cap Length Diameter Ink Capacity
0.32 oz 5.28 in 4.29 in 2.56 in 0.39 in 2 x 0.8 ml (cartridge)
9.0 g 134 mm 109 mm 65 mm 10 mm


Orange Exportmodel Color
Production: 1990sNib: Steel, gold plated
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: orangeCap Color: orangeTrim: silver-colored
Anthracite Exportmodel Color
Production: 1990sNib: Steel, gold plated
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: anthraciteCap Color: anthraciteTrim: silver-colored
Dark red Exportmodel Color
Production: 1990sNib: Steel, gold plated
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: dark redCap Color: dark redTrim: silver-colored
Blue Exportmodel Color
Production: 1990sNib: Steel, gold plated
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: blueCap Color: blueTrim: silver-colored
Linden green Exportmodel Color
Production: 1990sNib: Steel, gold plated
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: linden greenCap Color: linden greenTrim: silver-colored

Pelikan Primapenna 2000s

In this Primapenna the design is substantially revised. Cap and barrel have a cylindrical shape. The cap and barrel ends are closed by a same-colored plastic plate. The metal clip has an imprint 'Primapenna' near the Pelikan logo. The nib has no more triangle hole and the simple stainless steel nib has no iridium writing point.
It is also interesting that new fountain pens are delivered with a locking ring, which is designed to prevent the activation of the ink cartridges (see also Primapenna 1970).

Model Production Period Nib
Primapenna 2000s 2000s

Steel

Weight Total Length Barrel Length Cap Length Diameter Ink Capacity
0.35 oz 5.41 in 4.25 in 2.38 in 0.41 in 2 x 0.8 ml (cartridge)
9.9 g 137.5 mm 108 mm 60.5 mm 10.5 mm


Red Exportmodel Color
Production: 2000sNib: Steel, gold plated
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: redCap Color: redTrim: silver-colored
Blue Exportmodel Color
Production: 2000sNib: Steel, gold plated
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: blueCap Color: blueTrim: silver-colored
Orange Exportmodel Color
Production: 2000sNib: Steel, gold plated
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: orangeCap Color: orangeTrim: silver-colored

Pelikan Primapenna 2013

The Primapenna is now completely redesigned. The new Primapenna from 2013 is made by Herlitz, a company belongs to the Pelikan group. The pen is identical to the model 'SmileyWorld' from Herlitz. It consists of injection molded parts in two colors each. Barrel sleeve and cap sleeve are the same color, barrel end, grip section, cap end and clip are made in another color. The colors are strong and sometimes garish. They should meet the tastes of youth, for these fillers are determined. The nib with iridium point is exposed and very similar to a classical fountain pen. The cap margin is printed with Pelikan and the logo. No evidence suggests more attention to the model Primapenna.   

Model Production Period Nib
Primapenna 2013 ca. 2013

Steel

Weight Total Length Barrel Length Cap Length Diameter Ink Capacity
0.33 oz 5.35 in 4.15 in 2.36 in 0.45 in 2 x 0.8 ml (cartridge)
9.4 g 136 mm 105.5 mm 60 mm 11.5 mm


Purple Exportmodel Color
Production: ca. 2013Nib: Steel, Iridium
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: purpleCap Color: purpleTrim: blue
Pink Exportmodel Color
Production: ca. 2013Nib: Steel, Iridium
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: pinkCap Color: pinkTrim: orange
Light blue Exportmodel Color
Production: ca. 2013Nib: Steel, Iridium
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: light blueCap Color: light blueTrim: pink
Green Exportmodel Color
Production: ca. 2013Nib: Steel, Iridium
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: greenCap Color: greenTrim: red
Purple Exportmodel Color
Production: ca. 2016Nib: Steel, Iridium
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: purpleCap Color: purpleTrim: white
Blue Exportmodel Color
Production: ca. 2016Nib: Steel, Iridium
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: blueCap Color: blueTrim: orange
Green Exportmodel Color
Production: ca. 2016Nib: Steel, Iridium
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: greenCap Color: greenTrim: yellow
Pink Exportmodel Color
Production: ca. 2016Nib: Steel, Iridium
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: pinkCap Color: pinkTrim: mint