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Pelikan Milano - Primapenna

In Italy, Pelikan endeavoured to be able to offer school fountain pens in a simple, reasonably priced version on the market. The costs for a Pelikano with a metal cap were too high in production. In the 1970s, Pelikan Milan commissioned the writing instrument manufacturer Merz & Krell in Groß-Bieberau with the production of the Pelikan 120 and 400NN, which also carried out the replicas of the Pelikan 120 and 400NN.

These first Primapenna were the prelude for a number of further model variants up to the present time.

The first three model variants always had a plastic barrel, grip section and cap in the same colour, all with a metal ring at the cap opening and a metal clip. The special feature of all these Primapenna was the triangular hole in the nib, which cannot be found in any other Pelikan fountain pen. These three variants between 1970 and 1990 can be attributed to the manufacturer Merz & Krell.

With the takeover of the company Laurin, Pelikan also distributed simple and inexpensive school pens, which were initially sold under the name Laurin and later also under the Pelikan brand mainly abroad. These writing instruments were not manufactured by the Laurin factory in Waiblingen, but rather by the writing instrument manufacturer Mutschler in Heidelberg.

In the 1980s, the first models appeared whose shape was clearly similar to fountain pens made for Laurin by Mutschler. A special feature of these pens is the 'Primapenna' embossing on the clip. These models could be the first attempts at how these writing instruments were accepted.

In the 2000s, a new Primapenna model series appeared, which can be assigned to the manufacturer Mutschler.

Another multicoloured model series from the year 2003 probably only came in very small numbers to the market, since the manufacturer went bankrupt and the company was dissolved.

Pelikan Primapenna 1970s

The first Primapenna were manufactured by Merz & Krell on behalf of Pelikan Milan. At this model variant, two different packages are known to me and the fountain pens has a tiny difference, too.
The first package shows a feature that was otherwise not so common at Pelikan. The fountain pen was equipped with two cartridges. Thus, the writing cartridge is not activated immediately and can dry out, a locking ring between the barrel and grip section was screwed. This must first be removed, according to package instructions, before the fountain pen can be taken into use (see picture). This method is well known to me from other manufacturers. But Pelikan used usually a different method: the writing cartridge has been replaced with a dummy (without ink cartridge, and without the rear cover of the cartridge). Only the replacement cartridge is filled with ink. Further, in this package was an instruction manual for the 'Pelikano'. The fountain pen itself shows the transition from the grip section to the barrel, which is to enter the closed cap the maintenance, a slightly roughened surface.
The other fountain pen packaging don't show this statement to remove a retaining ring (see picture). The fountain pen surface to grip the cap has slight ridges (see picture).
Probably there are more color options than listed.

Model Production Period Nib
Primapenna 1970s 1970s

Steel

Weight Total Length Barrel Length Cap Length Diameter Ink Capacity
0.32 oz 5.20 in 4.29 in 2.48 in 0.43 in 2 x 0.8 ml (cartridge)
9.0 g 132 mm 109 mm 63 mm 11 mm


Orange Exportmodel Color
Production: 1970sNib: Steel
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: orangeCap Color: orangeTrim: silver-colored
Black Exportmodel Color
Production: 1970sNib: Steel
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: blackCap Color: blackTrim: silver-colored
Green Exportmodel Color
Production: 1970sNib: Steel
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: greenCap Color: greenTrim: silver-colored
Blue Exportmodel Color
Production: 1970sNib: Steel
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: blueCap Color: blueTrim: silver-colored
Red Exportmodel Color
Production: 1970sNib: Steel
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: redCap Color: redTrim: silver-colored

Pelikan Primapenna 1980s

The first change of the serie Primapenna can be ssen specially on the clip, the clip is plugged in at the top of the cap.

Model Production Period Nib
Primapenna 1980s 1980s

Steel

Weight Total Length Barrel Length Cap Length Diameter Ink Capacity
0.32 oz 5.20 in 4.29 in 2.48 in 0.43 in 2 x 0.8 ml (cartridge)
9.0 g 132 mm 109 mm 63 mm 11 mm


Blue Exportmodel Color
Production: 1980sNib: Steel
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: blueCap Color: blueTrim: silver-colored
Green Exportmodel Color
Production: 1980sNib: Steel
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: greenCap Color: greenTrim: silver-colored
Black Exportmodel Color
Production: 1980sNib: Steel
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: blackCap Color: blackTrim: silver-colored

Pelikan Primapenna 1990s

On Primapenna of this generation further design changes have been introduced. The barrel is unchanged, the grip section is completely new designed. The gold-plated nib is hidden until the triangle hole, the grip section is without profiling. Between grip section and barrel, is a metal ring to secure the cap. The ring on the cap opening is wider and tapered. It bears the imprint 'Pelikan Günter Wagner'. The bar clip running along narrow and still bears the imprint 'Primapenna'. The end cap of the same color plastic carrying the Pelikan logo.
There will be more color options than listed here.   

Model Production Period Nib
Primapenna 1990s 1990s

Steel, gold plated

Weight Total Length Barrel Length Cap Length Diameter Ink Capacity
0.32 oz 5.28 in 4.29 in 2.56 in 0.39 in 2 x 0.8 ml (cartridge)
9.0 g 134 mm 109 mm 65 mm 10 mm


Orange Exportmodel Color
Production: 1990sNib: Steel, gold plated
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: orangeCap Color: orangeTrim: silver-colored
Anthracite Exportmodel Color
Production: 1990sNib: Steel, gold plated
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: anthraciteCap Color: anthraciteTrim: silver-colored
Dark red Exportmodel Color
Production: 1990sNib: Steel, gold plated
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: dark redCap Color: dark redTrim: silver-colored
Blue Exportmodel Color
Production: 1990sNib: Steel, gold plated
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: blueCap Color: blueTrim: silver-colored
Linden green Exportmodel Color
Production: 1990sNib: Steel, gold plated
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: linden greenCap Color: linden greenTrim: silver-colored

Pelikan Primapenna before 2000

These models of the Primapenna come from the production of the company Mutschler in Heidelberg. The moulds are similar to the pens Mutschler made for Laurin/Pelikan, but with the Primapenna logo on the clip. It is unclear whether these models were sold on a regular basis or only as model samples.

Model Production Period Nib
Primapenna before 2000 before 2000

Steel

Weight Total Length Barrel Length Cap Length Diameter Ink Capacity
0.27 oz 5.31 in 4.49 in 2.30 in 0.39 in 2 x 0.8 ml (cartridge)
7.6 g 135 mm 114 mm 58.5 mm 10 mm


White-darkgreen Exportmodel Color
Production: 1980sNib: Steel
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: dark greenCap Color: whiteTrim: silver-colored
Grey black Exportmodel Color
Production: 1980sNib: Steel
Logo: Logo as of 1938 (two chicken) Exportmodel
Barrel Color: greyCap Color: blackTrim: silver-colored
Red-Green Exportmodel Color
Production: 2000sNib: Steel, gold plated
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: redCap Color: greenTrim: silver-colored

Pelikan Primapenna 2000s

The design of this Primapenna has been substantially revised and will have been manufactured by Mutschler. Cap and barrel have a cylindrical shape. The cap and barrel ends are closed by a plastic plate of the same colour. The metal clip shows the lettering 'Primapenna' and the Pelikan logo. The nib no longer has a triangular hole and the simple stainless steel nib has no iridium writing point.
It is also interesting here that new fountain pens are delivered with a safety ring to prevent the inserted ink cartridges from already being opened (see also Primapenna 1970s).

Model Production Period Nib
Primapenna 2000s 2000s

Steel

Weight Total Length Barrel Length Cap Length Diameter Ink Capacity
0.35 oz 5.41 in 4.25 in 2.38 in 0.41 in 2 x 0.8 ml (cartridge)
9.9 g 137.5 mm 108 mm 60.5 mm 10.5 mm


Red Exportmodel Color
Production: 2000sNib: Steel, gold plated
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: redCap Color: redTrim: silver-colored
Blue Exportmodel Color
Production: 2000sNib: Steel, gold plated
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: blueCap Color: blueTrim: silver-colored
Orange Exportmodel Color
Production: 2000sNib: Steel, gold plated
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: orangeCap Color: orangeTrim: silver-colored

Pelikan Primapenna 2003

Also this series comes from the production of the company Mutschler Schreibgeräte AG. The bad economic situation and the increasing price pressure caused the manufacturer great difficulties during this time. Thus it is not certain whether these models were offered on the market for a short time or whether they are only samples.

Model Production Period Nib
Primapenna 2003 2003

Steel

Weight Total Length Barrel Length Cap Length Diameter Ink Capacity
0.27 oz 5.02 in 4.17 in 2.01 in 0.42 in 2 x 0.8 ml (cartridge)
7.7 g 127.5 mm 106 mm 51 mm 10.6 mm


Orange-Green Exportmodel Color
Production: 2003Nib: Steel
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: orangeCap Color: greenTrim: yellow
Orange-Yellow Exportmodel Color
Production: 2003Nib: Steel
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: orangeCap Color: yellowTrim: green
Yellow-Purple Exportmodel Color
Production: 2003Nib: Steel
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: yellowCap Color: purpleTrim: orange
Yellow-Blue Exportmodel Color
Production: 2003Nib: Steel
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: yellowCap Color: blueTrim: orange
Blue-Red Exportmodel Color
Production: 2003Nib: Steel
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: blueCap Color: redTrim: yellow
Blue-Orange Exportmodel Color
Production: 2003Nib: Steel
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: orangeCap Color: blueTrim: green

Pelikan Primapenna 2013

The Primapenna is now completely redesigned. The new Primapenna from 2013 is made by Herlitz, a company belongs to the Pelikan group. The pen is identical to the model 'SmileyWorld' from Herlitz. It consists of injection molded parts in two colors each. Barrel sleeve and cap sleeve are the same color, barrel end, grip section, cap end and clip are made in another color. The colors are strong and sometimes garish. They should meet the tastes of youth, for these fillers are determined. The nib with iridium point is exposed and very similar to a classical fountain pen. The cap margin is printed with Pelikan and the logo. No evidence suggests more attention to the model Primapenna.   

Model Production Period Nib
Primapenna 2013 ca. 2013

Steel

Weight Total Length Barrel Length Cap Length Diameter Ink Capacity
0.33 oz 5.35 in 4.15 in 2.36 in 0.45 in 2 x 0.8 ml (cartridge)
9.4 g 136 mm 105.5 mm 60 mm 11.5 mm


Purple Exportmodel Color
Production: ca. 2013Nib: Steel, Iridium
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: purpleCap Color: purpleTrim: blue
Pink Exportmodel Color
Production: ca. 2013Nib: Steel, Iridium
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: pinkCap Color: pinkTrim: orange
Light blue Exportmodel Color
Production: ca. 2013Nib: Steel, Iridium
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: light blueCap Color: light blueTrim: pink
Green Exportmodel Color
Production: ca. 2013Nib: Steel, Iridium
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: greenCap Color: greenTrim: red
Purple Exportmodel Color
Production: ca. 2016Nib: Steel, Iridium
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: purpleCap Color: purpleTrim: white
Blue Exportmodel Color
Production: ca. 2016Nib: Steel, Iridium
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: blueCap Color: blueTrim: orange
Green Exportmodel Color
Production: ca. 2016Nib: Steel, Iridium
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: greenCap Color: greenTrim: yellow
Pink Exportmodel Color
Production: ca. 2016Nib: Steel, Iridium
Logo: Without Logo Exportmodel
Barrel Color: pinkCap Color: pinkTrim: mint